Witchcraft (or witchery) is the practice of magical skills, spells, and abilities. Witchcraft is a broad term that varies culturally and societally, and thus can be difficult to define with precision. Historically, the most common meaning is the practice of using the supernatural to connect to spirits and the use of magick (which is the use of natural energy with conscious intent). This remains the meaning in most traditional cultures worldwide, notably the Indigenous cultures of Asia, Latin America, Africa, the African diaspora, and Indigenous Nations in the Americas.
In the Philippines, as in many of these cultures, witches are viewed as those opposed to the sacred Indigenous religions. In contrast, anthropologists writing about healers in Indigenous communities either use the traditional terminology of these cultures, or broad anthropological terms like "shaman".
In the modern era, some use "witch" to refer to benign, positive, or neutral metaphysical practices, such as those of modern Paganism; examples may include divination, spellcraft, or self-help techniques. But this is primarily a modern, western, popular culture phenomenon.
Belief in witchcraft is often present within societies and groups whose cultural framework includes a magical world view.